Reinvented Toilet Technology in Development
Eco-San Toilet | Eco-San
Electrochemical Reinvented Toilet
Eco-San is one of the leading developers of the CalTech technology, focusing on school and public toilets, and containerized toilet units. The backend processing technology capitalizes on anaerobic digestion of solids and an electrolysis system to convert waste into water, hydrogen, and solid fertilizer. Eco-San is piloting three units in China, and two in South Africa. Eco-San's sister company, Yixing, Entrustech, is producing and reducing the cost of the electrodes that drive the electrolysis treatment process to make available to all partners.
Status of Development
- Eco-San is piloting three units in China, two at tourist locations: a park and a temple, and one at an elementary school
- Two units are being commissioned as community ablution blocks in Durban, South Africa
- Multi-unit: Core processing technology scalable for school, or public/community application; capable of servicing 50-800 users per day with one system.
Product is Appropriate For:
|Capacity (flushes/day)||Est. Cost ($/flush/day)||Life Expectancy (Years)|
How Does it Work?
Includes up to 8 toilets and urinals located near the backend processing components.
2. Urine/Feces Separation
No urine/feces separation. Mixed waste passively settles in a separation tank with anaerobic digestion. Active pre-processing with an anaerobic/aerobic system is available.
3. Liquid Processing
An elctrochemical system oxidizes the effluent from the septic tank and biological treatment unit at a semiconductor anode and water is reduced at the metal cathode to form H2. Chloride, from table salt, can be added if there is an insufficient amount in the waste. Membrane microfiltration is currently included for polishing the final effluent.
4. Solids Processing
Feces are macerated with the urine and flush water, all are processed together. Undigested solids that have settled in the septic tank are estimated to require evacuation once a year.
5. Power System
Solar panels, with energy storage via battery stack, and/or grid electricity. Estimated 18kwh required per m3.
Does the system require an external source of electricity?
Yes. Provided by solar panels or grid
Does the system require the use of water?
Does the system require any other "consumable" inputs?
How much energy will be recovered?
None. Energy is used in process
How much water will be recovered?
4-5m3/day usable, not portable
How much fertilizer or other byproducts will be produced?
1 ton per year
Treats Solids and liquids
Pathogen treatment success? Confirmed total pathogen removal
Are chemical processes used? Yes
Are mechanical processes being used? Yes
Are biological processes being used? Yes
Does the system require any off-site or additional processing? No
Estimated daily operating cost $0.02/flush/day
Estimated capex (not available)
Size L 12m x W 2.2m x H 2.7m
Maintenance Requirements Solid wastes to be emptied half a year (by user). Membrane filters to be replaced once a quarter.
Life expectancy 10 years